Could This Biodegradable Glue Be The Future of Do-It-Yourself Projects?
We’ve all been there – a broken toy, a ripped piece of furniture, or a cracked phone screen that needs fixing. Super glue has long been the go-to for quick repairs like these. But did you know that regular superglue takes thousands of years to break down in landfills? As DIY and crafting have boomed in popularity, that means tons of non-biodegradable glue is ending up in the environment.
Luckily, scientists have developed a groundbreaking new adhesive made from plants that could change everything. Tests show this soy-based glue forms bonds just as strong as superglue, but breaks down naturally after a week or two. Its discovery gives us hope that our small home projects no longer need to harm the planet.
Strong Enough for Your Toughest Repairs
Researchers at Purdue University spent years studying the glue secreted by mussels to bond to rocks. Mussels use proteins that instantly harden underwater – the perfect inspiration for a waterproof glue. By adding specific acids to soybean oil, the team replicated mussels’ amino acid cross-linking mechanism to create a strong yet eco-friendly adhesive.
In lab tests, the soy glue bonded a range of surfaces like metal, wood and plastics with equivalent strength to petroleum-based superglues. It even exceeded superglue’s performance, forming bonds over 30% stronger on polished aluminum. Testing also showed the bonds maintained 78% of their strength after a week submerged in water.
This suggests the soy glue could handle household tasks that put unexpected stresses on repairs, like reattaching broken dishware or sticking back together a phone that gets wet. With adjustments to heating time and temperature, the adhesive’s longevity can be tailored to different uses – whether for quick garden stakes or long-lasting furniture repairs.
Image courtesy: Photo by RDNE Stock project: pexels.com
Biodegradable for a Greener DIY Future
The best part? Unlike regular glue, this plant-based alternative safely breaks down over time instead of polluting the planet for centuries. Most superglue contains synthetic chemicals that never fully decompose. As more Americans turn to do-it-yourself projects, that adds up to a lot of non-renewable materials getting tossed.
But the soy glue provides a sustainable solution. Made from a renewable crop, it poses no long-term environmental risks when products using it eventually go in the trash or recycling. The scientists estimate transitioning to the biodegradable formula could reduce related carbon emissions an impressive fivefold.
For Crafters, This Could Reduce Waste Too
Soy glue adoption would benefit hobbyists as well. Crafting has exploded during the pandemic as a way to get creative and reduce stress. Yet popular pastimes like model making, jewelry crafting, and home decorating produce a lot of single-use glue.
Switching to the eco-friendly version removes guilt over all that non-biodegradable waste. Hobby glues could be designed to break down completely within a month. This prevents microplastics from polluting oceans and soil for generations to come. What’s more, crafters gain the peace of mind that their passion projects won’t harm the earth long after they’re done with them.
A Future of More Sustainable Daily Items
Researchers calculate transitioning glue manufacturing to soybeans could potentially eliminate 5.8 tons of carbon emissions for every ton of product made. Pair that with reduced pollution from no longer needing to break down nonrenewable petrochemical glues, and the environmental benefits are tremendous.
Looking ahead, the scientists envision a future where the soy formula replaces fossil fuel-based adhesives in many everyday items. Think easy-to-remove shipping labels, disposable packaging, single-use electronics and more. Sneakers, umbrellas and other textiles that currently require harsh solvents to remove logos could switch to soy glue for a green redesign.
Overall, the discovery shows how innovation and biomimicry can create viable renewable alternatives to existing unsustainable materials. With support, this adhesive could rewrite product design and manufacturing worldwide. Most importantly, it gives Americans a way to enjoy do-it-yourself and crafting hobbies without costing the earth. Our small repairs and creations no longer need to take an immense toll on the environment down the road.
Image courtesy: Photo by RDNE Stock project: pexels.com
Could This Homemade Biodegradable Glue Be The DIY Solution?
By now you’ve heard about the promising new soy-based glue that researchers developed. But did you know you can make your own biodegradable adhesive at home? Tired of wondering ‘Is Elmer’s Glue biodegradable?’ or buying expensive store brands, many crafters are experimenting with plant-based recipes.
Sites like Pinterest are full of ideas for Biodegradable Glue Sticks and hot melt varieties that perform just as well. The formulas use ingredients like starch, water and vegetable gums to bond materials safely and cleanly. With the right combination of starches and proteins, homemade mixes can set hard like commercial glues yet still break down over 1-3 months.
Biodegradable glue recipe
One popular Biodegradable Glue Recipe starts with 2 tbsp cornstarch and 1/4 cup water boiled until thickened. Let it cool slightly before using a paintbrush to “glue” paper, cardboard or fabric. For a stronger bond, try adding 1/4 tsp baking soda. The glue dries clear without leaving a residue like petroleum-based glues sometimes do.
Biodegradable hot glue
You can also find steps online for making Biodegradable hot glue using ingredients you likely already have in your pantry, like arrowroot powder, white flour and vegetable glycerin. Heat the mixture in the microwave in 30 second bursts until it reaches the right texture. Use immediately to craft with felt, balsa wood and more.
Sure, nothing can match the convenience of pre-packaged glues when you’re in a pinch. But knowing you have eco-friendly homemade options on hand lifts that nagging thought of “are glue sticks biodegradable?” Give one of these natural formulas a try – your DIY projects and peace of mind will thank you!